The challenge of Sustainable Energy in Guinea-Bissau
In Guinea-Bissau, about 95% of the resident population uses wood and charcoal for cooking and other energy needs because of the low production of electricity and almost no supply and regular use of butane gas, both in urban as well as in rural areas. This excessive use of charcoal and firewood impact negatively on the environment and living standards. It is therefore necessary to adopt assertive measures to reverse the situation.
FUMUKABA was born with the aim of promoting energy transition in Guinea-Bissau and encouraging the community to adopt cleaner energy solutions, in particular, in the outskirts of Bissau where families with less financial capacity live and the price of coal is higher. Fumukaba also aims at the adoption of a solution that allows the country to preserve the forest by stimulating the increasing use of butane gas as an alternative to the traditional use of coal.
Although the many advantages of butane gas are recognized, most families cannot afford the initial investment in the stove, accessories, bottle deposit and first gas charge. This being the biggest barrier to its adoption, families will be offered a Kit consisting of a stove, a burner and a 6kg bottle of butane gas, leaving only the cost of the bottle (11,500 CFA). Later, when the bottle is returned, the money is reclaimed.
The price of bottled gas - regulated by the government of Guinea Bissau - is competitive against the cost of a quality bag of coal in Bissau, allowing for continued gas use.
The project has set a goal of reaching some 25,000 Bissau households (approximately 220,000 inhabitants). Among these, 100 families will be subject to a regular follow-up process throughout the project, so that the impacts of Fumukaba are monitored.